IMOmath

Algebra

1. (17 p.)
Let \( a \) be the coefficient of \( x^2 \) in the polynomial \[ (1-x)(1+2x)(1-3x)\dots (1+14x)(1-15x).\] Determine \( |a| \)

2. (7 p.)
Let \( P \) be the product of the non-real roots of the polynomial \( x^4-4x^3+6x^2-4x=2008 \). Evaluate \( [ P] \).

3. (30 p.)
Consider the set \( S\subseteq(0,1]^2 \) in the coordinate plane that consists of all points \( (x,y) \) such that both \( [\log_2(1/x)] \) and \( [\log_5(1/y)] \) are even. The area of \( S \) can be written in the form \( p/q \) for two relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

4. (23 p.)
Let \( a \), \( b \), \( c \), \( d \) be the roots of \( x^4 - x^3 - x^2 - 1 = 0 \). Find \( p(a) + p(b) + p(c) + p(d) \), where \( p(x) = x^6 - x^5 - x^3 - x^2 - x \).

5. (20 p.)
The equation \( 2^{333x-2} + 2^{111x+2} = 2^{222x+1} + 1 \) has three real roots. Assume that their sum is expressed in the form \( \frac mn \) where \( m \) and \( n \) are relatively prime positive integers. Find \( m+n \).





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