IMOmath

General Practice Test

1. (17 p.)
Find the minimum value of \( \frac{9x^2\sin^2x+4}{x\sin x} \) for \( 0< x< \pi \).

2. (25 p.)
A bug moves around a triangle wire. At each vertex it has 1/2 chance of moving towards each of the other two vertices. The probability that after crawling along 10 edges it reaches its starting point can be expressed as \( p/q \) for positive relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Determine \( p+q \).

3. (21 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a rectangular triangle such that \( \angle C=90^o \) and \( AC = 7 \), \( BC = 24 \). Let \( M \) be the midpoint of \( AB \) and \( D \) point on the same side of \( AB \) as \( C \) such that \( DA = DB = 15 \). The area of the triangle \( CDM \) can be expressed as \( \frac{p\sqrt q}r \) for positive integers \( p \), \( q \), \( r \) such that \( q \) is not divisible by a perfect square and \( (p,r)=1 \). Find area \( p+q+r \).

4. (28 p.)
It is given that \( 181^2 \) can be written as the difference of the cubes of two consecutive positive integers. Find the sum of these two integers.

5. (7 p.)
Let \( T \) be a regular tetrahedron. Assume that \( T^{\prime} \) is the tetrahedron whose vertices are the midpoints of the faces of \( T \). The ratio of the volumes of \( T^{\prime} \) and \( T \) can be expressed as \( p/q \) where \( p \) and \( q \) are relatively prime integers. Determine \( p+q \).





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