IMOmath

General Practice Test

1. (22 p.)
We are given an unfair coin. When the coin is tossed, the probability of heads is 0.4. The coin is tossed 10 times. Let \( a_n \) be the number of heads in the first \( n \) tosses. Let \( P \) be the probability that \( a_n/n \leq 0.4 \) for \( n = 1, 2, \dots , 9 \) and \( a_{10}/10 = 0.4 \). Evaluate \( \frac{P\cdot 10^{10}}{24^4} \).

2. (18 p.)
The area of the triangle \( ABC \) is 70. The coordinates of \( B \) and \( C \) are \( (12,19) \) and \( (23,20) \), respectively, and the coordinates of \( A \) are \( (p,q) \). The line containing the median to side BC has slope -5. Find the largest possible value of p+q.

3. (11 p.)
A triangle \( ABC \) has sides 13, 14, 15. The triangle \( ABC \) is rotated about its centroid for an angle of \( 180^0 \) to form a triangle \( A^{\prime}B^{\prime}C^{\prime} \). Find the area of the union of the two triangles.

4. (22 p.)
The sequence of complex numbers \( z_0,z_1,z_2,\dots \) is defined by \( z_0=1+i/211 \) and \( z_{n+1}=\frac{z_n+i}{z_n-i} \). If \( z_{2111}=\frac ab+\frac cdi \) for positive integers \( a,b,c,d \) with \( \gcd(a,b)=\gcd(c,d)=1 \), find \( a+b+c+d \).

5. (24 p.)
Consider the polynomial \[ P(x)=(1 + x + x^2 + \dots + x^{17})^2 - x^{17}.\] Assume that the roots of \( P \) are \( x_k=r_k \cdot e^{i2\pi a_k} \), for \( k = 1, 2, ... , 34 \), \( 0 < a_1 \leq a_2 \leq \dots \leq a_{34} < 1 \), and some positive real numbers \( r_k \). The sum \( a_1 + a_2 + a_3 + a_4 + a_5 \) is equal to \( p/q \) for two coprime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Determine \( p+q \).





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