IMOmath

Algebra

1. (14 p.)
Let \( a \), \( b \), \( c \), \( d \) be the roots of \( x^4 - x^3 - x^2 - 1 = 0 \). Find \( p(a) + p(b) + p(c) + p(d) \), where \( p(x) = x^6 - x^5 - x^3 - x^2 - x \).

2. (19 p.)
Consider the set \( S\subseteq(0,1]^2 \) in the coordinate plane that consists of all points \( (x,y) \) such that both \( [\log_2(1/x)] \) and \( [\log_5(1/y)] \) are even. The area of \( S \) can be written in the form \( p/q \) for two relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

3. (11 p.)
The number \[ \frac1{2\sqrt1+1\sqrt 2}+\frac1{3\sqrt2+2\sqrt3}+\frac1{4\sqrt3+3\sqrt4} + \dots + \frac1{100\sqrt{99}+99\sqrt{100}}\] is a rational number. If it is expressed as \( \frac pq \) for two relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \) evaluate \( p+q \).

4. (31 p.)
Define a function \(f:\mathbb{Z}\to\mathbb{Z}\) such that \(f(k)=k^2+k+1\) for every integer \(k\). Find the largest positive integer \(n\) such that \[2015f(1^2)f(2^2)\cdots f(n^2)\geq \Big(f(1)f(2)\cdots f(n)\Big)^2.\]

5. (23 p.)
Let \( a \) and \( b \) be positive real numbers such that \( ab=2 \) and \[\dfrac{a}{a+b^2}+\dfrac{b}{b+a^2}=\dfrac78.\] Find \( a^6+b^6 \).





2005-2018 IMOmath.com | imomath"at"gmail.com | Math rendered by MathJax
Home | Olympiads | Book | Training | IMO Results | Forum | Links | About | Contact us