IMOmath

Geometry

1. (29 p.)
Assume that all sides of the convex hexagon \( ABCDEF \) are equal and the opposite sides are parallel. Assume further that \( \angle FAB = 120^o \). The \( y \)-coordinates of \( A \) and \( B \) are 0 and 2 respectively, and the \( y \)-coordinates of the other vertices are 4, 6, 8, 10 in some order. The area of \( ABCDEF \) can be written as \( a\sqrt b \) for some integers \( a \) and \( b \) such that \( b \) is not divisible by a perfect square other than 1. Find \( a+b \).

2. (20 p.)
The angle \( \angle C \) of the isosceles triangle \( ABC \) (\( AC = BC \)) has measure of \( 106^o \). M is a point inside the triangle such that \( \angle MAC = 7^o \) and \( \angle MCA = 23^o \). The measure of the \( \angle CMB \) in degrees can be written as a fraction \( p/q \) for relatively prime integers \( p \) and \( q \). Calculate \( p+q \).

3. (20 p.)
Let \( AXYZB \) be a convex pentagon inscribed in a semicircle with diameter \( AB \). Suppose \( AZ-AX=6 \), \( BX-BZ=9 \), \( AY=12 \), and \( BY=5 \). Find the greatest integer not exceeding the perimeter of quadrilateral \( OXYZ \), where \( O \) is the midpoint of \( AB \).

4. (18 p.)
Let \( ABC \) be a triangle with sides 3, 4, 5 and \( DEFG \) a \( 6 \times 7 \) rectangle. A line divides \( \triangle ABC \) into a triangle \( T_1 \) and a trapezoid \( R_1 \). Another line divides the rectangle \( DEFG \) into a triangle \( T_2 \) and a trapezoid \( R_2 \), in such a way \( T_1\sim T_2 \) and \( R_1\sim R_2 \). The smallest possible value for the area of \( T_1 \) can be expressed as \( p/q \) for two relatively prime positive integers \( p \) and \( q \). Evaluate \( p+q \).

5. (10 p.)
Let \( ABCD \) be a convex quadrilateral such that \( AB\perp BC \), \( AC\perp CD \), \( AB=18 \), \( BC=21 \), \( CD=14 \). Find the perimeter of \( ABCD \).





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